An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus or anal canal the opening through which stool passes out of the body. The fissure can be painful and may bleed. Anal fissures can occur in anyone at any age. The chance of having an anal fissure decreases as people get older. People who have had fissures in the past are more likely to have them in the future.
Symptoms related to this sensitive area can be very troubling, yet many people are reluctant to discuss them. Itching pruritis ani , painful defecation, stained underwear, spotting of blood, and odor add up to embarrassment, distress, social restrictions, and anguish. These problems of anal discomfort are very common. Symptoms may coexist with irritable bowel syndrome IBS , accidental leakage bowel incontinence , or other functional bowel disorders. Diarrhea and constipation may worsen them.
The rectum is the lower part of the large intestine, and it ends at the anus. Injury, inflammation, and infections that affect the anus and rectum can cause rectal pain. For instance, determining when the pain occurs — such as when sitting or during a bowel movement — and uncovering any additional symptoms can help narrow down the cause. Rectal pain has a wide variety of causes, from minor to serious. Because pain around the rectum has so many possible sources, it is important to get a proper diagnosis.
Common digestive problems, including hemorrhoids and anal fissures, can result in itching, pain, and general discomfort. Find out how to soothe that sensitive area and sit comfortably again. Many conditions, including hemorrhoids and anal fissures, result in irritation and discomfort in the anal region. The anus is the external opening of the lower intestine.