Richard de Visser, One size fits all? The aims of this exploratory qualitative study were to increase our understanding of heterosexual young adults' knowledge and beliefs about sexually transmitted infections STIs other than HIV, to explore their beliefs about the factors that influence condom use for STI prevention, and to explore their ideas about how best to promote condom use for STI prevention. Data came from a qualitative study that used 11 group discussions with 53 heterosexual men and women aged 18— Respondents thought that STI infection and unplanned pregnancy were equally likely, but were less concerned about STIs than unplanned pregnancy. Respondents gave several reasons for their low levels of concern about STIs. They also suggested several means to promote condom use for STI prevention.
Metrics details. Consistent condom use is central to the prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases STDs , especially among young adults. This study drew from a cross-sectional survey of two Nigerian universities to determine the level of consistent condom use, explored the determinants of condom use consistency and reasons for inconsistent condom use. We adopted a descriptive cross-sectional design, which involves the recruitment of male and female students using stratified random sampling.
Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk of sexually transmitted disease STD and human immunodeficiency virus HIV transmission. However, condom use cannot provide absolute protection against any STD. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of STDs are to abstain from sexual activity, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infection because STDs often are asymptomatic and unrecognized. Evidence of condom effectiveness is also based on theoretical and empirical data regarding the transmission of different STDs, the physical properties of condoms, and the anatomic coverage or protection provided by condoms.
Correctly using male condoms and other barriers like female condoms and dental dams, every time, can reduce though not eliminate the risk of sexually transmitted diseases STDs , including human immunodeficiency virus HIV and viral hepatitis. They can also provide protection against other diseases that may be transmitted through sex like Zika and Ebola. Using male and female condoms correctly, every time, can also help prevent pregnancy.